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School Nurses

Randolph County School Nurses

In 1999, the National Association of School Nurses Board of Directors defined school nursing as:

A specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success, and life-long achievement of students. To that end, school nurses facilitate positive student responses to normal development; promote health and safety; intervene with actual and potential health problems; provide case management services; and actively collaborate with others to build student and family capacity for adaptation, self management, self advocacy, and learning.

Inherent in this definition is the framework that school nurses engage in professional nursing practice, use the nursing process for decision-making, document the care they provide, and assure confidentiality. Professional nurses address the physical, mental, emotional, and social health of their clients. In addition, professional school nurses have as the ultimate outcome of their practice, the support of student success in the learning process. In this context the school nurse provides services to the entire school population, which may include infants, toddlers, pre-schoolers, children with special needs, traditional school populations, and, to a limited degree, adults within the school community.

Seven roles of the school nurse have evolved from this definition.
  1. The school nurse provides direct health care to students and staff.
  2. The school nurse provides leadership for the provision of health services.
  3. The school nurse provides screening and referral for health conditions.
  4. The school nurse promotes a healthy school environment.
  5. The school nurse promotes health.
  6. The school nurse serves in a leadership role for health policies and programs.
  7. The school nurse serves as a liaison between school personnel, family, community, and health care providers.

The school nurse may take on additional roles to meet the needs of the school community.

Healthy children are successful learners. The school nurse has a multi-faceted role within the school setting, one that supports the physical, mental, emotional, and social health of students and their success in the learning process.

 Source:  The National Association of School Nurses 2006  www.nasn.org 

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